Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China || Eight-Nation Alliance

Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China is made of lawmakers in eight countries from a new alliance to counter China.

Let us check the topics of this blog at a glance:

      • What is APAC (Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China)?
      • Why Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China?
      • Reasons for different nations to join.
      • Group Principles.
      • 5 Main activities performed by this group
      • Member reaction
      • China’s Reaction

What is Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China?

The Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China is an international cross-party group of legislators working towards reform on how democratic countries approach China.

It is made up of Global legislators and led by a group of co-chairs, who are senior politicians drawn from a representative cross-section of the world’s major political parties.


  1. Andrew Hastie MPAUS / Lib
  2. Sen. Kimberley KitchingAUS / Lab
  3. Hon. Irwin CotlerCAN / Lib
  4. Garnett Genuis MPCAN / Con
  5. Pavel Fischer MPCZE / Ind
  6. Jan Lipavský MPCZE / Pir
  7. Margarete Bause MdBGER / Green
  8. Michael Brand MdBGER / CDU
  9. Reinhard Bütikofer MEPEP / Green
  10. Miriam Lexmann MEPEP / EPP
  11. Sir Iain Duncan Smith MPUK / Con
  12. Baroness Helena KennedyUK / Lab
  13. Sen. Lucio Malan MPITA / FI
  14. Sen. Roberto RampiITA / PD
  15. Rep. Gen NakataniJP / LDP
  16. Rep. Shiori YamaoJP / IND
  17. Mantas Adomėnas MPLTU / Con
  18. Dovilė Šakalienė MPLTU / SD
  19. Arne Weverling MPNED / VVD
  20. Martijn van Helvert MPNED / CDA
  21. Trine Skei GrandeNOR / Lib
  22. Michael TetzschnerNOR / Con
  23. Elisabet LannSWE / CD
  24. Fredrik Malm MPSWE / Lib
  25. Sen. Bob MenendezUSA / Dem
  26. Sen. Marco RubioUSA / Rep


Member Countries:

The Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China (IPAC) is comprised of 18 politicians, including U.S. Senators Marco Rubio and Robert Menendez. Other members represent Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Norway, Sweden, the U.K., and the European Parliament.

Why Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China?

The Chinese Communist Party repeatedly and explicitly states its intention to expand its global influence.

As a direct result, democratic values and practices have come under increasing pressure.

Reasons for different nations to join IPAC:

The nations these lawmakers come from have increasingly seen fraught relations with China.

  • Australia has led calls for an independent probe into China’s role in spreading COVID-19
  • Sweden has seen relations with China on a steady decline since 2015 when a Swedish author was kidnapped in Thailand and later revealed to have been detained in China.
  • Canada is in the middle of the diplomatic face-off with China after Huawei’s Chief Financial Officer was arrested in Vancouver, promoting China to detain two Canadian citizens, Michael Kovrig and Michael Spavor, in retaliation.
  • The United States under President Donald Trump has engaged in a long-running and wide-spanning trade war with China over the last few years, accusing the country of ‘unfair trade practices’.
  • Passage of Draft National Security bill on Hong Kong by China.
  • Deprivation of the Human Rights of Uighur Muslims and people in Tibet.
  • Protection of democratic rights in Taiwan.

Group principle of Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China:

“Democratic states must maintain the integrity of their political systems, and actively seek to preserve a marketplace of ideas free from distortion”.

“A free, open, and rules-based international order that supports human dignity is created and maintained through intention. The persistence of such an order requires like-minded countries to participate actively in its governance and enforcement”.

Its activities fall into five broad areas.



Safeguarding International Rules-Based Order The People’s Republic of China must be held to the standards of the international legal order, which itself must be protected from distortion.
Upholding Human Rights Relations between states and the PRC must due prominence to universal human rights.
Promoting Trade Fairness The PRC must be held to the standards of the rules-based order, especially those as out by the World Trade Organization.
Strengthening Security Democracies must develop complementary security strategies to address challenges presented by the PRC
Protect National Integrity The PRC must not be permitted to compromise the sovereignty of institutions of any developed or emerging markets through lending, investing, or by any other means.


Members Reaction:



Rubio In a statement on Twitter, Rubio said that “China under the rule of the Chinese Communist Party represents a global challenge”.


Shiori Yamao Representative Shiori Yamao from Japan said, “What we once believed about China’s rise no longer corresponds to reality”.
Andrew Hastie Australian MP Andrew Hastie “When countries have stood up for democratic values and human rights, they have done so alone, Sometimes at great cost”
Baroness Helena Kennedy Baroness Helena Kennedy said, “By standing together, we will be able to keep the rules-based and human-rights systems true to their founding purposes”

China’s Reaction:

Chinese netizens and observers have mocked the newly founded Inter-Parliamentary Alliance on China(IPAC), formed by a group of Western lawmakers, as a contemporary era “Eight-Nation Alliance” invasion force, calling it a farce which aims to seek attention and create an anti-China climate among the people of the west.

Some Chinese netizens mocked the IPAC, calling it the latest farce made by US politicians to attack China. “So this is the new Eight-Nation Alliance? Imperialism? Robbery? Theft? Corruption? Have you return everything you robbed or stole from other countries, including China?”

LI HAIDONG, an expert from the China Foreign Affairs University in Beijing, told the Global Times on Saturday, June 6, 2020, that, Chinese netizens reaction to the IPAC, calling it an “Eight-Nation Alliance” invasion force, reflects the Chinese people’s antipathy towards the West’s hostility and suppression against China.



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